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Source releases: these are intended for using Duktape in your program.

2013-09-21duktape-0.6.0.tar.xzalpha, first round of work on public APIfa384a42a27d996313e0192c51c50b4a
2013-10-30duktape-0.7.0.tar.xzalpha, tracebacks, portability fixes120978321dbf1f094fb893c945209179
2013-12-18duktape-0.8.0.tar.xzalpha, E5.1 fixes, compiler limit fixes294db51750f8c0153c361c09edffd2dc
2014-02-02duktape-0.9.0.tar.xzalpha, new features, bug/portability fixesd3db2ae0b1295e819e459516e112f93d
2014-04-13duktape-0.10.0.tar.xzalpha, API improvements, logging, bug/portability fixesa09355eee52d445fe1a1c3198377fca1
2014-07-11duktape-0.11.0.tar.xzalpha, modules, ES6 subset, bug/portability fixesab83f0a8d3473b3bc6dc82f0c48c2959
2014-09-26duktape-0.12.0.tar.xzbeta, bug fixes, stabilization release7d315a80c5e9937bd56ed5d8de9e638d
2014-10-26duktape-1.0.0.tar.xzstable baseline released0cf16dcafea3248e9f1860299fde5fa

Git repos: development git repo (with a lot of churn) is hosted at Unpacked source releases are available as tags in the repo.

You only need to check out the git repo if you intend to change the internals of Duktape or want to use a bleeding edge version.


0.1.0 (2013-02-14)

  • Initial alpha release
  • Core features work: compiler, executor, regexps, garbage collection
  • Most built-ins incomplete or missing

0.2.0 (2013-02-27)

  • Built-ins implemented: Boolean, Date, JSON
  • Date built-in has initial, minimal local time / locale support
  • Initial internal documentation: regexp, datetime, json

0.3.0 (2013-03-16)

  • Built-ins implemented: global object, Object, String

0.4.0 (2013-03-31)

  • Built-ins: Array, Number, completing built-ins

0.5.0 (2013-05-17)

  • Built-in number conversion primitives
  • Cleanup built-ins, improve test cases for built-ins

0.6.0 (2013-09-21)

  • First round of public API cleanup, and add basic API documentation
  • First version of website

0.7.0 (2013-10-30)

  • Traceback support improved
  • Clean up and document error object properties
  • Add prototype objects for buffer and pointer values, and make them object coercible
  • Proper support for big, little, and "middle endian" environments
  • Single file combined source distributable
  • Portability and bug fixes

0.8.0 (2013-12-18)

  • Remove DUK_PROFILE model, explicit DUK_OPT_xxx feature options added for tuning the build (see web docs)
  • Register shuffling added to compiler which mostly eliminates constant and temporary register limits
  • Reduce code footprint, make built-in data 'const' so that it compiles into the 'text' section
  • Augment errors created when a built-in error constructor is called as a normal function (e.g. "var e = Error('test')")
  • Enforce string/buffer length limits to avoid corner cases with strings and buffers close to size_t limit
  • Ecmascript E5.1 test cases and fixes
  • Mark-and-sweep stringtable leak fixed, affected mostly builds without reference counting
  • Run a few mark-and-sweep passes in duk_destroy_heap() to give finalizers a chance to run in most (but not all) cases
  • Coroutine yield fixes
  • Portability and bug fixes

0.9.0 (2014-02-02)

  • Added duk_gc() API call to force GC, implemented duk_map_string() and duk_decode_string()
  • Added extended JSON format variants JSONX and JSONC; NULL pointer values string now coerce to "null" instead of e.g. "(nil)" to match JSONX format
  • Added input line number to compiler error messages (e.g. SyntaxErrors)
  • Added support for function declarations outside function or program top level (also known as "function statements"), with V8-like semantics
  • Renamed __duk__ to Duktape for more consistency with Ecmascript conventions
  • Removed somewhat useless property and added Duktape.env
  • Replaced Duktape.addr() and Duktape.refc() with which gives more internal info
  • Merged Duktape.setFinalizer() and Duktape.getFinalizer() into a single Duktape.fin() call
  • Some compatibility properties available for now (e.g. __duk__), but these will be removed after this release
  • Removed array size limit for very large array joins
  • Improve Unicode handling of Greek final sigma
  • Make mark-and-sweep interval relative to current heap size (measured as combined object and string count)
  • Add DUK_OPT_NO_VOLUNTARY_GC to disable voluntary mark-and-sweep entirely; this is useful in timing sensitive applications like games
  • Preliminary internal support for periodic bytecode executor interrupts which can be used to implement executor step limits, profiling, and debugging
  • More feature options for build tuning
  • More self tests to detect obscure compiler bugs, two's complement arithmetic, etc (enable with DUK_OPT_SELF_TESTS)
  • Fixed several compile warnings, fixed warnings generated by GCC -Wextra
  • Fixed some incorrect assertions (with no underlying bug)
  • Fixed a coroutine termination bug which caused assertion errors and occasional segfaults when an uncaught error terminated a thread with a catch point active
  • Fixed a tailcall bug: the current activation was not closed which caused variable lookups to fail if an inner function accessed variables in the surrounding activation
  • Fixed a few bound constructor bugs
  • Fixed handling of "get" and "set": they were handled as reserved words which prevented valid statements like "var set = 1;"
  • Fixed a switch-case bug where code was accepted before the first case/default clause
  • Fixed a switch-case bug where successive case clauses with no code in-between was not handled correctly
  • Fixed a for statement control flow bug when the third clause of the for statement was empty and a continue was used
  • Fixed error lineNumber bug triggered when there was more than 127 source lines between successive compiled statements
  • Fixed some line terminator handling issues
  • Fixed relational operator ToPrimitive() coercion order, for some operators coercion order was reversed
  • Fixed 'with' statement in strict mode (did not throw SyntaxError)
  • Fixed strictness handling of an indirect eval call from a strict function (eval incorrectly inherited strict mode)
  • Several test262 and underscore.js test case fixes (other than above)
  • Windows compatibility for both WIN32 and WIN64, tested with MinGW (x86), MINGW-w64 (x64), VS2010 Express (x32), VS2013 Express (x32 and x64)
  • Portability fixes for non-C99 platforms (like MSVC in VS2010)
  • Drop 'full distributable' build, which is replaced by the public GitHub repo; simplify Makefiles etc accordingly (this change is not visible in the source distributable)

0.10.0 (2014-04-13)

  • Avoid "out of regs" for large expressions by adding more comprehensive register shuffling and indirect variants of several bytecode opcodes
  • Change error handler model: error handlers are now set explicitly to Duktape.errcreate and Duktape.errthrow, and can interact with both error creation and error throwing
  • Incompatible API change: errhandler_index argument has been removed from all protected API calls as unnecessary
  • Add duk_push_heap_stash(), duk_push_global_stash(), and duk_push_thread_stash() to provide C code with stashes for storing values invisible to Ecmascript code
  • Add duk_safe_to_string() and duk_safe_to_lstring() to make it easier to write result printing in C
  • Add protected variants of eval/compile: duk_peval(), duk_peval_string(), duk_peval_file(), duk_pcompile(), duk_pcompile_string(), duk_pcompile_file()
  • duk_pcall_prop() now catches invalid stack index errors and property lookup errors which happen before the actual call
  • Add duk_put_function_list() and duk_put_number_list() to make it easier to define modules from C code
  • Add Duktape.compact(), Duktape.line(), and Duktape.act()
  • Add a "use duk notail" directive which indicates that an Ecmascript function should never be tail called
  • Add a barebones built-in logging framework with both Ecmascript and C APIs and easy customization
  • Add a message argument to fatal handler function callback, simplify internal fatal error and panic handling
  • Compact function templates and instances to reduce memory footprint
  • Execute finalizers for all objects, even reachable ones, when a heap is freed to allow native resources to be freed reliably
  • "new Object()" now promotes plain buffer and pointer values to Buffer and Pointer objects
  • Buffer values now have virtual numeric index properties and a virtual 'length' property, so that you can do x = buf[123], buf[123] = x and buf.length
  • Buffer data areas no longer have an automatic NUL terminator to avoid rounding user-requested allocation sizes upwards unnecessarily
  • Buffer constructor behavior changes: number argument creates a buffer of a certain size; optional second argument indicates whether a buffer should be dynamic or fixed
  • Change Array.prototype.splice() behavior so that if 2nd argument (deleteCount) is not given, splice to end of array instead of treating like deleteCount was zero: the new behavior is non-standard but is the real world behavior used by V8, Rhino, Spidermonkey, etc
  • Add an automatic 'length' property to Duktape/C functions
  • Add a feature option to provide a 'caller' property for non-strict functions, with behavior similar to the (non-standard) behavior in e.g. V8 and Rhino
  • Add a feature option to disable automatic zeroing of data areas of buffer values
  • Improve self tests to include byte order validation
  • Allow the global eval() function to be called from C code (causes an indirect eval); this was at least an issue with a bound eval() call
  • Fix O(depth^2) inner function parsing issue, inner functions are now only parsed once and deeply nested inner functions are no longer a performance issue
  • On platforms requiring a specific alignment, use an alternate object property table memory layout to reduce memory footprint
  • Wrap remaining platform calls through macro wrappers to allow easier targeted fixes if necessary
  • Fix a regexp bug: non-capturing groups inside quantifier expressions were matched incorrectly
  • Fix a regexp bug: capture groups were not reset to 'undefined' when a quantified with capture groups was re-matched by a quantifier
  • Fix a tailcall bug which caused assertion failures when a tailcall was made from inside a switch-case
  • Fix a with statement bug which caused assertion failures when a break or continue jumped out of the with statement
  • Fix a try-catch-finally broken assertion when finally block had finished (ENDFIN opcode)
  • Portability fixes for Crossbridge (Flash), NetBSD (endianness detection and a few Math.pow() fixes), OpenBSD (endianness detection), QNX (endianness and other fixes)
  • Warning fixes for non-default feature options and a few exotic compilers
  • Duktape can now be compiled with Emscripten and executed with e.g. V8, "Dukweb" provides an example where Duktape runs on a web page, with Duktape and the browser Javascript environment interacting

0.11.0 (2014-07-11)

  • Add a built-in module loader (i.e. a require() function) based on CommonJS modules v1.1.1; user must always provide a module search function (Duktape.modSearch)
  • Add Object.setPrototypeOf() and Object.prototype.__proto__, both borrowed from ES6 draft, to improve internal prototype handling
  • Add proxy objects borrowed from ES6 draft to allow property virtualization, subset limited to the following traps: has, get, set, deleteProperty, enumerate, ownKeys
  • Add property name as a non-standard setter/getter argument to make it possible to share a single setter/getter pair for multiple properties
  • Allow non-standard dollar escape inside character classes (previously they were already allowed elsewhere), to support non-standard regexps like /[\$]/
  • Add debug API calls to dump the stack top and values in the current context, see e.g. duk_dump_context_stdout
  • Add convenience API calls: duk_push_uint(), duk_get_global_string()
  • Add more variants for eval/compile (such as duk_eval_lstring() and duk_compile_lstring()) and avoid interning the source code when compiling from a user provided string (useful in low memory environments)
  • Add duk_copy() API call, essentially shorthand for duk_dup() + duk_replace()
  • Align duk_to_fixed_buffer() arguments and return value with duk_to_buffer() (this is an API incompatible change); add duk_to_dynamic_buffer()
  • Implement the DUK_COMPILE_FUNCTION flag for duk_compile()
  • Remove Duktape.line() as redundant to Duktape.act()
  • Serialize negative zero as '-0' in JSONX and JSONC
  • Public API C typing wrapped behind typedefs to allow porting to more exotic platforms, e.g. platforms where "int" is a 16-bit type; API docs updated to describe how type wrapping affects calling code (see new section "C types")
  • Internal C typing wrapped throughout to allow porting to more exotic platforms, e.g. platforms where "int" is a 16-bit type
  • Rename some feature options (DUK_OPT_xxx) for consistency, please check any options you use against the up-to-date options list
  • Rename Duktape.errcreate and Duktape.errthrow to Duktape.errCreate and Duktape.errThrow for naming consistency
  • Rename Duktape's custom JSONX format to avoid confusion with JSONx (XML encoding for JSON); new names are JX and JC ('jx' and 'jc' in APIs, DUK_OPT_NO_JX and DUK_OPT_NO_JC in feature options)
  • Compact the automatic function .prototype property, which previously had 1 unused property slot
  • Use 'anon' instead of 'empty' for the function name in toString() coercion of an anonymous function, matching traceback behavior
  • The expressions !0 and !1 are now constant folded by the compiler as they're often found in minified code; also !true and !false are constant folded
  • Remove the 256 character limitation for duk_log(), log messages can now be arbitrarily long but short messages (<= 256) are still formatted efficiently using a stack buffer
  • Improve non-C99 build: type detection should now work on (some) 64-bit platforms too, and non-debug build should now generate much fewer (or no) warnings; this also improves C++ build
  • Add support for X32 ABI (gcc -mx32 option)
  • Move platform and feature detection into duktape.h, also for internal types, which allows type wrappers to be applied to the public API
  • Add a safety limit for compiled bytecode byte size and maximum line number used to ensure pc-to-line internal data structure limits are not exceeded
  • Fix a number conversion related incorrect assertion triggered by the test262 test suite
  • Fix JSON.parse() handling for '__proto__' named own property, which should be parsed as a normal property of that name instead of changing the object's prototype
  • Fix a duk_push_sprintf() bug: for long formatted strings Duktape would reuse a va_list without copying it, which lead to memory unsafe behavior
  • Fix a 'delete' bug: if delete target was a string and key was 'length' or a valid character index, value stack was left in an inconsistent state in non-strict mode (caused an assertion failure)
  • Fix a rare math optimization issue in the Date built-in, which caused a corner case test (test-bi-date-canceling.js) to fail on e.g. 64-bit Ubuntu, gcc 4.8.1, -m32, and no -std=c99
  • Fix a few corner case pointer wrapping bugs in duk_set_top() and a few other value stack index handling functions
  • Portability fix for avoiding potentially non-portable signed integer constants internally (e.g. use 0x7fffffffL - 1L instead of -0x80000000L); this fixed a concrete problem with at least VS2010 + x64
  • Portability fix for avoiding direct function pointers to built-in functions (especially math functions) because they may be implemented as inline functions or macros on some platforms or polyfill headers
  • Portability fixes for MSVC, avoid secure CRT warnings to work better with Windows Store apps
  • Portability fixes for VS2010, avoid ending up with a packed value representation on x64 when standard integer headers are not available (also added a self test to catch such cases)
  • Reduce warnings generated by /Wp64 option of VS2010 when compiling for x86; the remainings warnings are harmless and cannot be completely removed, see guide documentation for more information
  • Portability fix for DUK_OPT_SEGFAULT_ON_PANIC when C99 types are not available
  • Portability fixes for uclibc, use a replacement for e.g. fpclassify() because it is broken in some uclibc versions still in use (affected at least some mixed endian ARM environments)
  • Portability fixes for newer Emscripten version, Dukweb.js now works with Firefox
  • A few polyfills for non-standard but still commonly used features are provided in the distributable polyfills/ directory
  • AUTHORS.txt is now included in the distributable, and both LICENSE.txt and AUTHORS.txt are embedded into duktape.c and duktape.h to ensure they're automatically included when used in another project

0.12.0 (2014-09-26)

  • Beta release for stabilization: feature freeze until 1.0.0 release, most work will be testing, bug fixes, and documentation
  • Remove undocumented duk_xmove(), add duk_xmove_top() and duk_xcopy_top() (duk_xcopy_top() provides the same semantics as the earlier undocumented duk_xmove())
  • Change strictness behavior for Duktape API calls: all API calls now have Ecmascript strict semantics, even when a call is made with an empty call stack outside of any Duktape/C function
  • Change strictness handling of duk_eval() and variants so that all code is evaluated in non-strict mode by default (unless the code itself contains a "use strict" directive); without this change the strictness would depend on whether a Duktape/C function call was active or not
  • Change Array.prototype.concat() and behavior so that trailing non-existent elements are counted towards the result array length; this behavior seems to be non-standard but is the real world behavior used by V8, Rhino, and Spidermonkey at least
  • Add API call duk_set_global_object() which allows the global object of a context to be replaced; this is useful as an initial mechanism for proper sandboxing of Ecmascript code
  • Add API calls duk_get_prototype() and duk_set_prototype() for getting and setting an object's "internal prototype" from C code
  • Add API calls duk_get_finalizer() and duk_set_finalizer() for getting and setting an object's finalizer from C code
  • Add API calls for function "magic" which allows a 16-bit signed integer to be associated (cheaply) with a Duktape/C function
  • Treat any strings whose byte representation begins with 0xFF as internal, so that user code can use hidden internal properties like Duktape does internally; such properties are not enumerated or returned by e.g. getOwnPropertyNames()
  • Fix the object property allocation resizing algorithm to avoid unbounded memory usage with some insert/delete sequences (see test-bug-object-prop-alloc-unbounded.js)
  • Use an equivalent year (matching leap-year-ness and weekday of Jan 1) for local tzoffset calculations outside the [1971,2037] year range to improve local time handling
  • Use gmtime() + localtime() on Unix (instead of gmtime() twice) for local tzoffset, fixing some DST cases
  • Improve parsing of a local time (new Date(2012, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5)) using an iterative algorithm to get a more accurate tzoffset/DST estimate
  • Apply E5.1 Section TypeError throwing also when the property value is a bound strict function, previously the special "caller" property behavior was only applied when "caller" value was a non-bound strict mode function
  • Reject deletion of plain buffer indexed elements (previously this behavior was implemented only for Buffer objects), i.e. delete returns false (in non-strict functions) or throws a TypeError (in strict functions)
  • Reject empty throw statement ('throw;') and reject a newline which occurs between a 'throw' and its argument
  • Disable internal interrupt mechanism in anticipation of 1.0 release since there will be no API to use it
  • Fix value stack reserve handling for function calls: a function call (Ecmascript or Duktape/C) might reduce the valstack "checked size" which was previously requested by user code (for more detail, see API test case test-dev-valstack-checked-size-call.c)
  • Fix finalizer handling for Proxy objects: if a Proxy object was reachable at heap destruction and the target object had a finalizer, the finalizer would also be executed for the Proxy object
  • Fix a few Date bugs for large out-of-range years which caused some assert failures and incorrect behavior when year was out of Ecmascript range (e.g. year 870e6 and year -200e6)
  • Minor compile warnings fixes for non-default options (e.g. when reference counting is disabled)
  • Make objects and functions defined by included polyfills non-enumerable so that they don't enumerate e.g. in a for-in loop
  • A few more polyfills

1.0.0 (2014-10-26)

  • Feature complete baseline release
  • Add convenience API call: duk_put_global_string()
  • Rename duk_is_fixed() to duk_is_fixed_buffer() and duk_is_dynamic() to duk_is_dynamic_buffer() for consistency with other API calls
  • Rename Duktape internal keys to start with an uppercase character (e.g. "\xFFValue") so that user internal keys which begin with a lowercase character (e.g. "\xFFptr") won't conflict by default
  • Add OS and compiler strings to Duktape.env
  • Make error 'tracedata' an internal property for better sandboxing
  • Rename members of struct duk_memory_functions to have a "_func" suffix, to avoid conflicting with standard library names (which is problematic if the standard names are #defines)
  • Add DUK_OPT_DLL_BUILD, which should be enabled for both Duktape and application build when Duktape is built as a DLL; on Windows it makes Duktape use __declspec(dllexport) and __declspec(dllimport) for public API symbols
  • Rename RELEASES.txt, AUTHORS.txt, and README.txt files to .rst suffix for better automatic formatting
  • Fix a mark-and-sweep finalizer bug which could cause memory safety issues when finalizer execution was disabled for a mark-and-sweep round
  • Fix a mark-and-sweep zero-size realloc() bug which could happen when an initial zero-size realloc() failed (this shouldn't normally happen but was triggered by GC torture testing)
  • Fix an assertion failure when using labelled block statements; some labelled block statements still cause an internal error ("INVALID opcode 0") but don't cause assert failures
  • Fix an assertion failure when using a try-catch in a function with a lot of constants (more than 511 string or non-integer constants); a compile error happens now instead to prevent unsafe behavior
  • Fix duk_dump_context_stderr() which incorrectly dumped to stdout
  • Fix require() resolution of relative module identifiers, which was off by one component (see GH-48)
  • Fix DUK_INVALID_INDEX define value, it used INT_MIN directly
  • Fix return value of Duktape.gc() to return true (instead of false) for a successful mark-and-sweep
  • Fix duk_peval_file(), duk_peval_file_noresult() and duk_pcompile_file() to avoid throwing an error for a missing file
  • Fix compile error for DUK_OPT_NO_FILE_IO
  • Regexp internal limit errors changed from Error to RangeError
  • Change command line example to be "barebones" by default, with readline enabled via DUK_CMDLINE_FANCY
  • Use variadic macros for VS2005+

Duktape is (C) by its authors and licensed under the MIT license.